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Tissue grafts are used to cover roots or to develop gum tissue where it is absent due to excessive gingival recession. This procedure can be done for one tooth or several teeth in order to even the gum line and reduce sensitivity.
When gum tissue pulls away or recedes from the tooth, a tissue graft may be placed to cover root surfaces and prolong the life of the teeth. Gum recession is also often a result of gum disease, which is an infection caused by bacterial buildup and ongoing inflammation in the mouth and on the teeth, or gingivitis.
Recession can be a result of aggressive tooth brushing, orthodontics, grinding of teeth or genetics. People with thinner gum tissue may also be predisposed to recession.
In a tissue graft surgical procedure, a small amount of tissue is taken from the palate and grafted to cover the exposed root.